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'In craniosacral therapy biodynamic designates an attempt to always work in relationship to the whole. The starting point is orienting to slower tides than CRI, being aware of midline function and embryological forces and letting the breath of life do the work.'[1]


Blechschmidt[2], Jealous[3], Sills[4].

N.B. Biodynamics in cranial work is not derived from the work of Rudolph Steiner, the root is Jealous's reading of Blechschmidt.



  1. Sumner, G. and Haines, S. (2010) Cranial Intelligence - A Practical Guide to Biodynamic Craniosacral Therapy. London: Singing Dragon.
  2. Blechschmidt, E. (2005) The Ontogenetic Basis of Human Anatomy: The Biodynamic Approach to Development from Conception to Birth. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.
  3. Jealous, J. (2004) The Biodynamics of Osteopathy. CD series.
  4. Sills F. (2011) Foundations in Craniosacral Biodynamics: Breath of Life and Fundamental Skills. Volume One. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books.